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The Buckinghamshire Posse Comitatus - 1798

The Buckinghamshire Posse Comitatus 1798
Buckinghamshire Posse Comitatus 1798 wit[...]
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Complete returns for the Posse Comitatus of 1798 survive for no county in England and Wales other than Buckinghamshire. Summaries or partial lists exist for some counties, while for others there is merely an allusion in the lieutenancy papers to the returns being made, or else no record at all

 

The Posse Comitatus, or civil power, was a survey of all men capable of acting in a military capacity who were neither Quakers, nor clergymen nor already serving in a military unit.  Men between the ages of 15 and 60 were included.  In addition, the number of horses, wagons and carts available were surveyed. It was prepared to assess the potential availability of military preparedness in the event of invasion by France. By the late 1790s, France controlled, or was allied with, much of continental Europe.

 

The surviving records for the Bucks Posse Comitatus are among the most comprehensive for any county. The Posse Comitatus, which pre-dated the first census (1801) by three years, is a source of information on the names and numbers of males between the ages of 15 and 60, and their occupations.

 

The Posse Comitatus did not include women in the head count, although some women were shown as owning draught horses, wagons or carts. As the author on the Records of Bucks 1985 publication on the Posse Comitatus, Ian Beckett, states when considering the Posse Comitatus as a social document “The main posse .. does not include the female population (55,350 in 1801) although a few women are listed as owning horses, wagons and carts … This omission … tends to present an unbalanced picture of the county’s economy at the time since the largest trade (lace-making) was overwhelmingly a female occupation.”

Dorney extracts - Pages 163 and 172

The DORNEY Posse Comitatus 1798 (Page 163)

Farmers

Avery Kimberley

William Neighbour

Charles Perryman

David Perryman

Richard Sedding     Lame

Carpenters

John Quick               Infirm

Richard Sired

Taylor

Samuel Smith

Chairmaker

Jeremiah Dell

Servants

James Bear

William Biggs

Thomas Dearlove

Robert Hicks

Joseph Landan

William Money

Job Walker

William the Milkman)

George the Carter)            At Thomas Seddings. Refused to tell their Surnames

Labourers

John Beirns

Thomas Belson

John Broadway

William Budden

Francis Chear

John Clemmons

John Cox

Robert Cox Snr

Robert Cox Jnr

William Cox              Lame

James Ellwood

John Herrington

James Howell

John Hubbard

Thomas Jones

William Lack

John Martin

William Martin

John Middleton

Thomas Neal

Thomas Newell

Robert Osborn

Richard Parker

John Smith

William Tacket                    Crooked knee

Robert Tarrant

Thomas Tarrant

Thomas Thorne

Jacob Wells

Richard Weston

Thomas Weston

No Description

Moses Ellstone

Joseph Houghs

Richard Slamacher

Richard Stallwood

 

Page 172: Buckinghamshire to wit Hundred of Burnham. A Register of the Names of the Persons within the said Hundred who keep Draught Horses, Waggons or Carts of Burthen, the Numbers thereof by them respectively kept and of the Persons Occupying any Wind or Water Corn Mill with the Average of the Weekly Quantity of Corn that can be Ground thereat as returned by the Petty Constables within the said Hundred in pursuance of a precept from John Penn Esq, High Sheriff of the said County bearing date the 16th day of February 1798. For the better ascertaining the Civil power of the said County.

 

DORNEY

 

Persons keeping

Draught Horses

Waggons

Carts

Avery Kimberley

4

1

1

William Neighbour

6

1

2

Sir Charles Palmer, Bt

4

1

2

David Perryman

5

1

2

Richard Sedding

21

3

4

Thomas Sedding

6

1

2

Widow Sedding

8

2

3

Thomas Weston

2

 

1

 

56

10

17